How should automated vehicles (AVs) react in emergency circumstances? Most research projects and scientific literature deal with this question from a moral perspective. In particular, it is customary to treat emergencies involving AVs as instances of moral dilemmas and to use the trolley problem as a framework to address such alleged dilemmas. Some critics have pointed out some shortcomings of this strategy and have urged to focus on mundane traffic situations instead of trolley cases involving AVs. Besides, these authors rightly point out the political nature of the most interesting debates involving AVs. However, in our view, they do not offer an adequate account of the distinction between ethics and politics and still see their proposals as contributions to the ethics of AVs. We argue that many of the interesting…
ARGUMENTATION AND SPEECH ACTS Monographic issue in Informal Logic: call for papers. RESEARCH GROUP ActArg SCIENTIFIC UNIT OF EXCELLENCE FiloLab-ugr Department of Philosophy I, University of Granada, Spain. Topic: Argumentation theorists find it natural to speak of acts of arguing and speech-acts of arguing. An account of argumentation as a speech-act is meant to be of help, if not fundamental, for the analysis and appraisal of argumentative discourse and dialogue, which is argumentation theory’s main goal. Besides, as van Eemeren and Grootendorst (1984) pointed out, characterizing argumentation as a speech-act enables us to make sense of it as conducive to certain perlocutionary effects, such as persuading an addressee or audience or resolving a difference of opinion. However, that argumentation is a type of illocution is far from mainstream and linguistic…
A précis of Manuel Heras Escribano's book The Philosophy of Affordances (2019, Palgrave Macmillan) has been published as target article in the journal Constructivist Foundations. This article contains comments from the following authors: Vicente Raja (Western University, Canada) and Tony Chemero (University of Cincinnati, USA), Louise Barrett (University of Lethbridge, Canada), Julian Kiverstein (University of Amsterdam, Netherlands), Melina Gastelum (Universidad Nacional Autónoma of Mexico), Roy Dings (Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany), Laura Mojica (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Cuajimalpa Campus, Mexico) and Jerome Proulx (Université du Québec, Canada). The comments have been responded by the author in the article entitled “Affordances as a basis for a post-cognitivist approach to the mind” published within the same volume. Link to the publication here.
Ester Massó Guijarro, an associate research to FiloLab, is the editor of the special issue “Ética y salud en tiempos de pandemia: reflexiones sobre cuidados y justicia social” in the journal Enrahonar (International Journal of Theoretical and Practical Reason) (forthcoming, Dec. 2020). (more…)
Juan A. Nicolás, a guarantor researcher of FiloLab, has co-edited the volume Leibniz. Razón, principios y unidad. Razao, principios e unidade (Ed. Comares, Granada, 2020) with Vivianne de Castilho, which collects contributions by authors from 27 Universities in 11 countries with texts in Spanish, Portuguese, French and English. (more…)
Juan A. Nicolás, a guarantor researcher of FiloLab, has co-edited the volume Crítica y Hermenéutica. Perspectivas filosóficas, literarias y sociales (Ed. Comares, Granada, 2020) with Sultana Wahnón and Jose Manuel Romero, which collects contributions by authors from 13 Universities in six countries. The volume approaches the potentialities of critical hermeneutics in current research from three perspectives: hermeneutic philosophy, literary criticism and social philosophy. Link to the publication here.
Juan A. Nicolás, a guarantor member of FiloLab, has edited the monograph Körper, Geist, Monaden. Monadologie und Metaphysik bei Leibniz (Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart, 2020) on the connection between corporeality and the metaphysics of individuality and which collects the work of authors from 19 Universities in nine countries with texts in German, English and French. The contexts addressed in the book are corporeality; monads, spirits, individuals; monadology and metaphysics. (more…)
Claims with expressive meaning do not represent states of affairs. This thesis defines expressivisms of all kinds. Its scope can be global affecting all uses of language, or alternatively be restricted to some specific areas of discourse, or to some specific terms and phrases. This volume offers a comprehensive survey of the varieties and subtleties of nondescriptivist and non-representationalist views currently discussed in the philosophy of language, meta-semantics and meta-ethics, which are rooted in the two main sources of contemporary expressivism: the approach to the meaning of ethical terms derived from meta-ethical emotivism, and the pragmatic approach to ‘meaning as use’ that Wittgenstein displayed in his Philosophical Investigations. Contributors: Dorit Bar-On, Corine Besson, Matthew Chrisman, María José Frápolli, Javier Osorio, Huw Price, Andres Soria, Isidora Stojanovic, Neftalí Villanueva, and José…
Juan Antonio Nicolás, guarantor researcher of FiloLab-UGR, has recently published the book entitled Körper, Geist, Monaden. Monadologie und Metaphysik bei Leibniz (Studia Leibnitiana, F. Steiner Verlag). More information available at https://elibrary.steiner-verlag.de/book/99.105010/9783515110310
David Rodríguez-Arias and Ivar Hannikainen, members of FiloLab, have published an article entitled "How Do People Use 'Killing', 'Letting Die' and Related Bioethical Concepts? Contrasting Descriptive and Normative Hypotheses", with Blanca Rodríguez and Aníbal Monasterio in the Bioethics journal. (more…)