Marina Morla-González, Clara Moya-Guillem, David Rodríguez-Arias (FiloLab), Íñigo de Miguel Beriain, Alberto Molina-Pérez, Iván Ortega-Deballon have recently published an article entitled “Addressing organ shortage: An automatic organ procurement as a proposal” In the Clinical Ethics, 0(0), pp. 1-13 journal. 2021. (DOI: 10.1177/14777509211011429). Here is the abstract:
Organ shortage constitutes an unsolved problem for every country that offers transplantation as a therapeutic option. Besides the largely implemented donation model and the eventually implemented market model, an automatic organ procurement model has been largely studied: the automatic organ procurement for transplantation purposes model (also known as confiscatory model). This model has raised a rich debate in the legal, medical and bioethical community, since it could show a higher potential to solve organ shortage. In this paper, we study the main arguments for and against this model. We show how, in the light of empirical data extracted from countries with a universal health care system, its implementation could lead to a positive impact on organ procurement rates. Three factors are envisioned as fundamental in the comprehension and a possible regulation of the automatic organ procurement model: the lack of recognition of the conscientious objection, the preservation of the right to choose end of life conditions, and the need to avoid incentives for families or healthcare professionals.