Enhancing Virtue without Becoming Ned Flanders?

Enhancing Virtue without Becoming Ned Flanders?

Publications
Jon Rueda, researcher at FiloLab, has recently published an Open Peer Commentary entitled ‘Enhancing Virtue without Becoming Ned Flanders?’, in the journal AJOB Neuroscience. This comment criticises the target article “Virtue Theory for Moral Enhancement” by Joao Fabiano. According to the author, focusing moral enhancement on moral traits such as altruism can lead to long-term problematic consequences. In particular, individuals whose altruistic capacities have been enhanced could be more easily exploited by non-cooperative individuals. To overcome this problem, Fabiano stated that a balanced moral enhancement would be necessary to enable individuals to have the capabilities to carry out punitive behaviours that penalise free-riders’ behaviour. However, Jon Rueda argues that seeing morally enhanced people as easy to deceive is problematic and that free-riders’ behaviour should be limited by institutional design rather…
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The political foundations of knowledge (II) Lukács revisited

The political foundations of knowledge (II) Lukács revisited

Publications
José Luis Moreno Pestaña (FiloLab) continues the discussion on Fernando Broncano's work ‘Conocimiento expropiado. Espistemología política en una democracia radical” (“Expropriated knowledge. Political epistemology in a radical democracy”) and highlights its importance to understand how our points of view shape our own analyses of reality. I addresses how knowledge in dependent on political relations. The text was originally published in El Rumor de las Multitudes, a blog on Political Philosophy belonging to the Spanish newspaper “El Salto Diario”. Following on from the dialogue I have established with Fernando Broncano and his latest work, ‘Conocimiento expropiado. Espistemología política en una democracia radical’, I now address an issue of interest to both philosophy and political practice. Fernando Broncano embraces a tradition that allows us to link epistemology with social experience, which leads…
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THE POLITICAL FOUNDATIONS OF KNOWLEDGE (I) ABOUT DISCIPLINES AND TRADITIONS

THE POLITICAL FOUNDATIONS OF KNOWLEDGE (I) ABOUT DISCIPLINES AND TRADITIONS

Publications
José Luis Moreno Pestaña (FiloLab) discusses Fernando Broncano's work “Conocimiento expropiado. Espistemología política en una democracia radical” (“Expropriated knowledge. Political epistemology in a radical democracy”) and highlights its importance to understand how our points of view shape our own analyses of reality. I addresses how knowledge in dependent on political relations. The text was originally published in El Rumor de las Multitudes, a blog on Political Philosophy belonging to the Spanish newspaper “El Salto Diario”. Fernando Broncano’s latest work, Conocimiento expropiado. Epistemología política en una democracia radical (Akal, 2020), was created within a work program that goes beyond the frontiers of the field of philosophy. It is a book of encyclopaedic scope, whose discussion will require different approaches and competences. Here, I will focus on two main aspects. Firstly, I…
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“ABSOLUTELY RIGHT AND RELATIVELY GOOD: Consequentialists See Bioethical Disagreement in a Relativist Light”

“ABSOLUTELY RIGHT AND RELATIVELY GOOD: Consequentialists See Bioethical Disagreement in a Relativist Light”

Publications
Hugo Viciana, David Rodríguez-Arias (FiloLab) and Ivar Hannikainen (FiloLab) have recently published the article Absolutely Right and Relatively Good: in the magazine AJOB Empirical Bioethics.CONSEQUENTIALISTS SEE BIOETHICAL DISAGREEMENT IN A RELATIVIST LIGHT(DOI: 10.1080/ 23294515.2021. 23294515.2021). Here is the abstract, which addresses disagreements in bioethics: The full article and study materials can be accessed below: “Bioethical disagreements are very common. We see this daily in debates on euthanasia, abortion, surrogacy or vaccine reluctance, where seemingly reasonable people -who may even enjoy a certain reputation and credibility- disagree with each other. How can we understand those disagreements? When chemistry experts disagree on the composition of a substance, or when two mathematicians obtain different results for an equation, we generally assume that at least one of them must be wrong. Do we feel…
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“Addressing organ shortage: An automatic organ procurement as a proposal”

“Addressing organ shortage: An automatic organ procurement as a proposal”

Publications
Marina Morla-González, Clara Moya-Guillem, David Rodríguez-Arias (FiloLab), Íñigo de Miguel Beriain, Alberto Molina-Pérez, Iván Ortega-Deballon have recently published an article entitled “Addressing organ shortage: An automatic organ procurement as a proposal” In the Clinical Ethics, 0(0), pp. 1-13 journal. 2021. (DOI: 10.1177/14777509211011429). Here is the abstract: Organ shortage constitutes an unsolved problem for every country that offers transplantation as a therapeutic option. Besides the largely implemented donation model and the eventually implemented market model, an automatic organ procurement model has been largely studied: the automatic organ procurement for transplantation purposes model (also known as confiscatory model). This model has raised a rich debate in the legal, medical and bioethical community, since it could show a higher potential to solve organ shortage. In this paper, we study the main arguments for…
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Neftalí Villanueva and Manuel Almagro’s new article: “Cómo no hablar de Ayuso”

Neftalí Villanueva and Manuel Almagro’s new article: “Cómo no hablar de Ayuso”

Publications
‘Cómo no hablar de Ayuso’ (How could we not speak about Ayuso?) is Neftalí Villanueva and Manuel Almagro’s new article for ‘CONTEXTO’. Our colleagues reflect on testimonial injustice, asymmetrical polarisation and disagreements. These are key elements that need to be explained so as to deal with controversies in an increasingly identity-focused public sphere. ‘Cómo no hablar de Ayuso’ ‘Communism or freedom’, Ayuso’s recent statements, cannot be countered with a flood of figures or mockery. Those who want to undermine the chances of the Spanish Popular Party’s candidate should find a way to reconstruct public debate. In 2017, Boris Johnson, who was Foreign Minister, visited the Schwedagon pagoda, one of the most sacred Buddhist centres in Myanmar, which was a source of dispute during the colonial period. He had just rung…
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“How much lack of participation can democracy stand?”

“How much lack of participation can democracy stand?”

Publications
José Luis Moreno Pestaña has recently published an article entitled ‘How much lack of participation can democracy stand?’ in a political philosophy blog called ‘El Rumor de las Multitudes’, which is one of the main spaces for reflection of the Spanish newspaper ‘El Salto’. In his article, he deals with some of the major challenges of our democracies, in line with the main topic of J.L. Moreno Pestaña’s latest work, ‘Los pocos y los mejores’ (Akal, 2021) —which has earned him the award ‘Premio Internacional de Pensamiento 2030’ —. How much lack of participation can democracy stand? We present a study on how the election procedure shapes democracy and why sortition is necessary. To do so, the requirements for political participation in terms of knowledge are carefully considered. Faced with…
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Publication of the article: “Childhood and Pandemic: Chronicle of an Absence Foretold”

Publication of the article: “Childhood and Pandemic: Chronicle of an Absence Foretold”

COVID-19, News, Publications
Ester Massó Guijarro, researcher at FiloLab, has published the article “Childhood and Pandemic: Chronicle of an Absence Foretold” in Salud Colectiva (vol. 17, 2021), the magazine of the National University of Lanús (Argentina). It is an open access magazine indexed in the Web of Science, PubMed and Scopus amongst others. Here is the abstract of the article: “The COVID-19 pandemic has made it clear that childhood is the global south of the virus: a world where care is not a freely chosen value and where children’s voices are being silenced in virtue of a long-held epistemic injustice. Thus, the transformation that societies are going through due to the COVID-19 pandemic has had a huge impact on children’s rights on both a small and a large scale. In Spain, a country particularly affected…
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«In defence of posthuman vulnerability»

«In defence of posthuman vulnerability»

Publications
Belen Liedo Fernández (CSIC, UCM) and Jon Rueda Etxebarria (FiloLab, UGR) have recently published an article entitled “In Defence of Post human Vulnerability” in Scientia et Fides 9 (1)/2021 (P. 215 – 239, http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/SetF.2021.008) magazine. Here is the abstract of the research article: “Transhumanism is a challenging movement that invites us to rethink what defines humanity, including what we value and regret the most about our existence. Vulnerability is a key concept that require thorough philosophical scrutiny concerning transhumanist proposals. Vulnerability can refer to a universal condition of human life (ontological vulnerability) or, rather, to the specific exposure to certain harms due to particular situations (social vulnerability). Even if we are all vulnerable in the first sense, there are also different sources and levels of vulnerability depending on concrete social circumstances.…
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«Doctor, Please Make Me Freer: Capabilities Enhancement as a Goal of Medicine. Medicine, Health Care & Philosophy»

«Doctor, Please Make Me Freer: Capabilities Enhancement as a Goal of Medicine. Medicine, Health Care & Philosophy»

News, Publications
Jon Rueda (FiloLab, UGR), Pablo Garía Barranquero (UMA) and Francisco Lara (FiloLab, UGR) have recently published an article entitled Doctor Please, Make Me Freer: Capabilities Enhancement as a Goal of Medicine (https://doi.org/10.1007/s11019-021-10016-5, 2021) in Medicine, Healthcare & Philosophy magazine. In their article, they address the debate on human enhancement and medicine’s goals. Here is the abstract of the research article: “Biomedical innovations are making possible the enhancement of human capabilities. There are two philosophical stances on the role that medicine should play in this respect. On the one hand, naturalism rejects every medical intervention that goes beyond preventing and treating disease. On the other hand, welfarism advocates enhancements that foster subjective well-being. We will show that both positions have considerable shortcomings. Consequently, we will introduce a third characterization in which therapies…
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Debates on democracy. Discussion on “Los pocos y los mejores”, by J. L. Moreno Pestaña

Debates on democracy. Discussion on “Los pocos y los mejores”, by J. L. Moreno Pestaña

Publications
Emmanuel Rodríguez López reviewed José Luis Moreno Pestaña’s newly published book “Los pocos y los mejores” for Sin permiso magazine. The book, edited by Akal, has earned him the Premio Internacional de Pensamiento 2030 award. This the third edition of debates on democracy, on the deep meaning of politics, on forms of organisation of political parties as well as the social tensions deriving from collective emancipation. Democratic degeneration. Poison and antidote Emmanuel Rodríguez López “Moreno Pestaña has just published a new book, a short but dense and smart essay whose title is “Los pocos y los mejores”. His work is relevant in the exchange of today’s politics conditions (this book is the third issue after the publication of «Estado, derecho y comunidad, política» [https://www.sinpermiso.info/textos/estado-derecho-comunidad-politica] and «Política y democracia» [https://www.sinpermiso.info/textos/politica-y-democracia]). It’s been…
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“When they call you, go and get vaccinated”

“When they call you, go and get vaccinated”

Media, News, Publications
Javier Rodríguez Alcázar reflects on the current COVID-19 vaccination process. It is a necessary reflection in these times of media sensationalism and misinformation about vaccines. “Because of my job and age, it is very likely that I will get vaccinated with AstraZeneca. And when they call me, I will go, get vaccinated, and go on with my life. And I will do it for my own sake and for the sake of those around me. Some people fear this vaccine because 30 cases of thromboembolic events out of 5 million vaccinated people have been reported. However, a causal relationship has not been established. Without taking vaccines into account, blood clots normally occur with an incidence of four per one million adults. Therefore, there are probably other causes for those cases.…
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“Information and transparency are essential for the debate on euthanasia”

“Information and transparency are essential for the debate on euthanasia”

News, Publications
Rosana Triviño, David Rodríguez Arias (FiloLab), Jon Rueda (FiloLab) and Miguel Melguizo (ESPACyOS network) collaborated with The Conversation addressing the current debate on the Spanish Euthanasia Law. A fundamental discussion on rights, transparency and public data access which clearly has ethical consequences in the field of medicine. “In a context of political tension, ideological polarisation and pandemic, the Spanish Organic Law on the Regulation of Euthanasia has once again put the spotlight on medically assisted death. The main new element is the legalisation of euthanasia (the administration of a lethal substance by a healthcare professional to a person who has requested medically assisted death) and medically assisted suicide (providing a person who wishes to die with a lethal substance that can be self-administered). In order to use this service, the…
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Publication of “Ir a clase con Foucault”

Publication of “Ir a clase con Foucault”

News, Publications
“Ir a clase con Foucault”, by José Luis Moreno Pestaña (Coordinator) He rushes into the amphitheatre and gets to his chair. He puts the recorders aside to make room for his documents on the table. He takes off his jacket, lights up the lamp and sits down. He turns his gaze up as his glasses reflect the brightness of the light and he starts speaking. The sound of his strong, effective and enlightening voice can be heard through the speakers by the more than 500 people crammed in the room. Thus begins another of his lectures in the Collège of France. This book, written by José Luis Moreno Pestaña together with prestigious researchers and internationally renowned experts in Michael Foucault’s thinking, is not just a trip to the lectures that one…
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Rodríguez-Alcázar, Bermejo-Luque & Molina Pérez: “Do Automated Vehicles Face Moral Dilemmas? A Plea for a Political Approach”

Rodríguez-Alcázar, Bermejo-Luque & Molina Pérez: “Do Automated Vehicles Face Moral Dilemmas? A Plea for a Political Approach”

Publications
How should automated vehicles (AVs) react in emergency circumstances? Most research projects and scientific literature deal with this question from a moral perspective. In particular, it is customary to treat emergencies involving AVs as instances of moral dilemmas and to use the trolley problem as a framework to address such alleged dilemmas. Some critics have pointed out some shortcomings of this strategy and have urged to focus on mundane traffic situations instead of trolley cases involving AVs. Besides, these authors rightly point out the political nature of the most interesting debates involving AVs. However, in our view, they do not offer an adequate account of the distinction between ethics and politics and still see their proposals as contributions to the ethics of AVs. We argue that many of the interesting…
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