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Muschelkalk carbonates

La Formación Cehegín y la Formación Siles se han definido para caracterizar los carbonatos de facies Muschelkalk que afloran en las Zonas Externas de la Cordillera Bética. Estas formaciones caracterizan los sedimentos depositados en el Paleomargen Sudibérico durante el Triásico Medio. Sus facies sedimentarias corresponden a depósitos de una plataforma epicontinental, que en su primera etapa presentaban rasgos de rampa en sus márgenes. Esta plataforma fue evolucionando y sus depósitos fueron reflejando cada vez más sus rasgos de plataforma epicontinental de aguas poco profundas donde no eran frecuentes los depósitos de alta energía salvo durante las tormentas. Se trataba de un extenso mar epicontinental con escasas barreras, que hacia el este daba paso al mar del Tethys.

Facies, 2008. Vol. 54, 61-87.

Stratigraphy and sedimentology of Muschelkalk carbonates of the Southern Iberian Continental Palaeomargin (Siles and Cehegín Formations, Southern Spain)

Fernando Pérez-Valera · Alberto Pérez-López

ABSTRACT

The Triassic sediments of the External Zones of the Betic Cordilla were deposited on the Southern Iberian Continental Palaeomargin. Two coeval Ladinian formations, namely the Siles Formation and the Cehegín Formation, are described to illustrate the facies and lithostratigraphic variability in the Muschelkalk carbonates. There has been some dispute over the number of carbonate units present in the Siles Formation. Our studies assign a tectonic origin to these recurrent carbonate units. Both formations comprise only one carbonate unit, which is correlated to the Upper Muschelkalk of the Catalan and Germanic basins and some Iberian Range sections. To characterize the sedimentological features of these formations, 14 facies were defined. The most widespread sediment was originally lime mud, although bioclastic deposits are also common. In the facies succession, a main transgressive-regressive sequence could be identified. According to the facies model proposed here, a muddy coastal and shallow-water platform prograded over mid ramp deposits. There is no evidence for a seawards reefal or oolitic-bioclastic sandy barrier. The most significant feature of this sedimentary interpretation is that these carbonate facies show clear characteristics of an epicontinental platform.