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Conferencias

The Gauss map and the h-principle

University of Adelaide

The Gauss map of a minimal surface in $\mathbb R^3$, parametrised as a conformal minimal immersion from an open Riemann surface $M$ into $\mathbb R^3$, is a meromorphic function on $M$. Although the Gauss map has been a central object of interest in the theory of minimal surfaces since the mid-19th century, it was only recently proved by Alarcón, Forstnerič and López, using new complex-analytic methods, that every meromorphic function on $M$ is a Gauss map. It remains an open problem to usefully characterise those meromorphic functions that are the Gauss map of a complete minimal surface. I will describe recent joint work with Antonio Alarcón, in which we take a new approach to this problem. We investigate the space of meromorphic functions on $M$ that are the Gauss map of a complete minimal surface from a homotopy-theoretic viewpoint, using a new h-principle as a key tool. My talk will include a brief general introduction to h-principles and their applications.

Seminario 2 (IMAG)

Flexibility for tangent curves in higher dimension

Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Is it always possible to park a car in a parking space whose size is exactly the same as the car? Can we do the same with a multi-trailer truck? In this talk, we will show the relationship between these two questions and the theory of distributions on differentiable manifolds. We will review this theory and focus our attention on bracket-generating distributions. Typical examples of this class of distributions are Contact and Engel structures. We will motivate these objects by showing other examples and establish several results about their tangent curves. In particular, we will show that the spaces of regular tangent knots are flexible if the dimension of the manifold is greater than $3$. These results are part of a joint work with Álvaro del Pino (Utrecht University).

Seminario 1 (IMAG)

Reverse isoperimetric inequality under curvature constraints

Universidad de Barcelona

What is the smallest volume a convex body $K$ in $\mathbb R^n$ can have for a given surface area? This question is in the reverse direction to the classical isoperimetric problem and, as such, has an obvious answer: the infimum of possible volumes is zero. One way to make this question highly non-trivial is to assume that $K$ is uniformly convex in the following sense. We say that $K$ is $\lambda$-convex if the principal curvatures at every point of its boundary are bounded below by a given constant $\lambda>0$ (considered in the barrier sense if the boundary is not smooth). By compactness, any smooth strictly convex body in $\mathbb R^n$ is $\lambda$-convex for some $\lambda>0$. Another example of a $\lambda$-convex body is a finite intersection of balls of radius $1/\lambda$ (sometimes referred to as ball-polyhedra). Until recently, the reverse isoperimetric problem for $\lambda$-convex bodies was solved only in dimension 2. In a recent joint work with Kateryna Tatarko, we resolved the problem also in $\mathbb R^3$. We showed that the lens, i.e., the intersection of two balls of radius $1/\lambda$, has the smallest volume among all $\lambda$-convex bodies of a given surface area. For $n>3$, the question is still widely open. I will outline the proof of our result and put it in a more general context of reversing classical inequalities under curvature constraints in various ambient spaces.

Seminario 1 (IMAG)

Translating Solitons in the Hyperbolic Einstein Space-time

Ankara University

We classify those rotationally invariant translators of the mean curvature flow in the Hyperbolic Einstein Space-time \(\mathbb{H}^n\times_{-1}\mathbb{R}\). Next, we consider a connected, compact space-like translator whose boundary is the boundary of a bounded open domain in a slice. If the domain is invariant by an isometry \(\sigma\) of \(\mathbb{H}^n\), then the traslator is invariant by \(\sigma\times id\). We then characterize one of the rotationally invariant examples.

Seminario 1 (IMAG)

Gromov's h-Principle and distributions

Universidad Complutense de Madrid

In this talk we will introduce Gromov's $h$-principle theory from a basic and accessible perspective. We will motivate it through visual examples with special emphasis on the method of Convex Integration. Many problems in Differential Topology involve differential relations (differential equations, inequalities, etc.). In many contexts, it can be proven that there exists an $h$-principle: this means that the resolution of certain geometric problems can be reduced to studying the underlying Algebraic Topology. We will show how these techniques can be applied to the study of maximal growth distributions on smooth manifolds. Prototypical examples of these objects are Contact and Engel structures.

Seminario 2 (IMAG)

Large conformal metrics with prescribed gauss and geodesic curvatures

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

In this talk, our goal is to discuss the existence of at least two distinct conformal metrics with prescribed gaussian curvature and geodesic curvature respectively, $K_{g}= f + \lambda$ and $k_{g}= h + \mu$, where f and h are nonpositive functions and \lambda and \mu are positive constants. Utilizing Struwe's monotonicity trick, we investigate the blowup behavior of the solutions and establish a non-existence result for the limiting PDE, eliminating one of the potential blow-up profiles.

Seminario 2 (IMAG)

A Morse-theoretic glance at phase transitions approximations of mean curvature flows

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

The Allen–Cahn equation is a semilinear parabolic partial differential equation that models phase-separation phenomena and which provides a regularization for the mean curvature flow (MCF), one of the most studied geometric flows. In this talk, we employ Morse-theoretical considerations to construct eternal solutions of the Allen–Cahn equation that connect unstable equilibria in compact manifolds. We describe the space of such solutions in a round 3-sphere under a low-energy assumption, and indicate how these solutions can be used to produce geometrically interesting eternal MCFs. This is joint work with Jingwen Chen (University of Pennsylvania).

Seminario 2 (IMAG)

On the topology of compact locally homogeneous plane waves

Universidad de Granada

A compact flat Lorentzian manifold is the quotient of the Minkowski space by a discrete subgroup \(\Gamma\) of the isometry group, acting properly, freely and cocompactly on it. A classical result by Goldman, Fried and Kamishima states that, up to finite index, \(\Gamma\) is a uniform lattice in some connected Lie subgroup of the isometry group, acting properly and cocompactly, generalizing Bieberbach theorem to the Lorentzian signature. Such compact quotients are called "standard". More generally, a compact quotient of a homogeneous space \(G/H\) of a Lie group \(G\) is standard if the fundamental group action extends to a proper cocompact action of a connected Lie subgroup of \(G\). It turns out that looking for standard quotients is an easier problem when studying the existence of compact quotients of homogeneous spaces. This talk is about compact locally homogeneous plane waves. Plane waves can be thought of as a deformation of Minkowski spacetime, they are of great mathematical and physical interests. In this talk, we describe the isometry group of a 1-connected homogeneous non-flat plane wave, and show that compact quotients are “essentially" standard. As an application, we obtain that the parallel flow of a compact plane wave is equicontinuous. This is a joint work with M. Hanounah, I. Kath and A. Zeghib.

Aula A14 (Facultad de Ciencias)

Uniqueness of semigraphical translators

Columbia University

Translators in \(\mathbb{R}^3\) are solitons of the mean curvature flow for embedded 2-surfaces. In the semigraphical case, where the translators are allowed graphical as well as vertical components, Hoffman-Martín-White classified the surfaces into six types. They conjectured the uniqueness of the objects within two families contained in slabs, the "helicoids" and the "pitchforks," for any given width. We present the proof of the conjecture by combining an arc-counting argument motivated by Morse-Radó theory for translators with a rotational application of the maximum principle. We then discuss applications of this result to the classification of semigraphical translators in \(\mathbb{R}^3\) and their limits, related to the work of Hoffman-Martín-White and Gama-Martín-Møller. This is joint work with F. Martín and M. Sáez.

Aula A20 (Facultad de Ciencias)

Eventos

Complex Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamics III

Portorož (Slovenia)

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This is the third annual conference of Complex Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamics. The goal is to bring together leading researchers worldwide in these fields, with the aim of enhanced future collaboration. These fields are strongly interrelated, and in order to be able to solve deep challenging problems it is becoming necessary to pursue synergies among them to a bigger degree than in the past.

Copenhagen Geometry Conference 2024

Copenhagen (Denmark)

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The purpose of this conference is to bring together several international experts on geometry and geometric analysis, including in topics such as mean curvature flow, singularity analysis in flows, minimal surfaces, constant mean curvature surfaces and geometric partial differential equations.

VI Seminario de Análisis Geométrico UJA

Jaén (Spain)

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Este seminario de 10 horas está dirigido al alumnado del Programa Interuniversitario Matemáticas (UGR, UCA, UMA, UAL y UJA), aunque la participación está abierta a todo el mundo. Su objetivo es transmitir de manera clara y fluida avances en los problemas recientes de investigación básica en análisis geométrico, una de las líneas de investigación del programa de doctorado. El seminario consta de minicursos (de 2 horas de duración) y conferencias, todos ellos impartidos por profesorado experto en el área.

Lista de ponentes:
  • Antonio Alarcón (Universidad de Granada)
  • Alfonso Carriazo (Universidad de Sevilla)
  • Andrea Del Prete (Università degli Studi di Pavia)
  • David Moya (Universidad de Granada)
  • Cristina Rodríguez (Universidad de Jaén)
  • Magdalena Rodríguez (Universidad de Granada)

I Coloquio de Geometría y Topología Granada-Málaga

Universidad de Málaga (España)

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Facultad de Ciencias, Aula M5. En este primer encuentro, impartirán charlas José Antonio Gálvez (UGR) y Aniceto Murillo (UMA).

Habrá una comida en el Jardín Botánico.

Valentia Geometrica

Valencia (Spain)

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Seminar on Differential Geometry & Geometric Analysis

XVIII International Young Researchers Workshop in Geometry, Dynamics and Field Theory

Warsaw (Poland)

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The 18th Young Researchers Workshop in Geometry, Dynamics and Field Theory is a yearly event to promote young researchers in the field of differential geometry and its relations to dynamics and field theory. The 18th edition will take place in the University of Warsaw. This event offers researchers in the field, especially to the younger participants, a platform to share their latest results to an international audience and discuss current topics. The workshop will contain three mini-courses in key topics in the field, selected talks proposed by the participants, and a poster session.

XI International Meeting on Lorentzian Geometry

Mérida (México)

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The Meeting is intended for all kind of researchers interested in Lorentz Geometry and its applications to General Relativity. It provides an excellent opportunity to exhibit their latest results and to create new ways of collaboration. For PhD students the meeting will represent an ideal way to have their first contact with current research topics on the subject. Furthermore, the schedule includes an advanced course given by an expert in the field.

Congreso Bienal de la Real Sociedad Matemática Española 2024

Pamplona (Spain)

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En este congreso Bienal RSME 2024 se darán a conocer los últimos avances en investigación en diferentes áreas de matemáticas y se facilitará el establecimiento de lazos de colaboración entre distintos grupos de investigación de nuestro país. Además de las habituales Conferencias Plenarias está prevista la celebración de Sesiones Especiales y exposición de pósteres. La asistencia al congreso permitirá disfrutar además de variadas actividades programadas en Pamplona y alrededores.

Iberian Strings 2024

Porto (Portugal)

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Iberian Strings 2024 is the 16th-installment of the annual meeting of the Spanish and Portuguese String Theory community, where recent developments in the field of supergravity, strings, branes and gauge theory are discussed.