Genetics I

UNIT 1 | MENDELIAN GENETIC ANALYSIS: The method of Mendelian genetic analysis. Principle of segregation. Principle of independent transmission. Genealogical trees. Calculation of probabilities. Statistical testing of segregations: chi-square test.

[Glossary SPA-ENG]

UNIT 2 | CHROMOSOMIC BASIS OF INHERITANCE: Genes and chromosomes. Mitosis and meiosis. Genetic significance of mitosis and meiosis.

[Glossary SPA-ENG]

UNIT 3 | EXTENSIONS AND MODIFICATIONS OF MENDELISM: Genes on sex chromosomes. Variations in dominance relationships. Multiple allelism.

[Glossary SPA-ENG]

UNIT 4 | LINKAGE AND RECOMBINATION. GENETIC MAPS: Ligation. Recombination. Recombination frequency and its significance. Map distances. Genetic maps: two-point and three-point maps. Interference and coincidence coefficient. Somatic recombination. Molecular mechanism of homologous recombination.

[Glossary SPA-ENG]

UNIT 5 | MOLECULAR BASIS OF INHERITANCE: Nature, structure and spatial organization of hereditary material. Replication of hereditary material.

[Glossary SPA-ENG]

UNIT 6 | INHERITANCE OF TRAITS WITH CONTINUOUS VARIATION: Quantitative traits and continuous variation. Mendelian basis of continuous variation. Genetic and environmental components of phenotypic variance. Number of genes controlling a quantitative trait. Heritability. Artificial selection.

[Glossary SPA-ENG]

UNIT 7 | POPULATION GENETICS: Mendelian populations and gene pool. Allelic and genotypic frequencies. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Inbreeding. Mechanisms of evolutionary change: mutation, migration, natural selection, and genetic drift.

[Glossary SPA-ENG]

UNIT 8 | EVOLUTIONARY GENETICS: Microevolution and macroevolution. Speciation process. Molecular evolution. Morphological evolution. Evolutionary theories.

[Glossary SPA-ENG]

Manual de problemas, prácticas de laboratorio y simulación de Genética I.

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