“Vaccination certificates, immunity passports, and test-based travel licences: ethical, legal, and public health issues”

Íñigo de Miguel Beriain (Ikerbasque, University of the Basque Country) and Jon Rueda (FiloLab, University of Granada) have recently published a Correspondence entitled ‘Vaccination certificates, immunity passports, and test-based travel licences: ethical, legal, and public health issues’ in the journal Travel Medicine and Infectious Diseases (42:102079).

The COVID-19 pandemic has had disruptive effects on international mobility. In this correspondence, the authors analyse the tools that have been proposed to make international mobility safe again from a legal, ethical and public health perspective. In particular, they address the uncertainty and risks that different ‘immunological passports’ (vaccination certificates, natural immunity or diagnostic tests) entail, as well as some of their (potentially unequal) social impacts on individual freedom.

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