«Human enhancement technologies and the arguments for cosmopolitanism»

Lilian Bermejo-Luque y Javier Rodríguez Alcázar -miembros e investigadores de FiloLab- han publicado recientemente el artículo «Human enhancement technologies and the arguments for cosmopolitism» en Enrahonar. An International Journal of Theoretical and Practical Reason (2023). A continuación compartimos el abstract del texto y un enlace al ensayo completo.

According to political minimalism, a debate is considered political when it revolves around the question “What shall we do?” This account suggests that certain issues related to human enhancement technologies (HETs), which have traditionally been addressed in the realm of applied ethics, could be better approached from a political standpoint. However, this raises the question of who constitutes the “we” – the communities that face the political challenges posed by HETs. We argue that there is a global human commu-nity that directly faces at least some of these challenges, and this fact underscores the relevance of a cosmopolitan perspective. While some authors have already advocated for a cosmopolitan approach in addressing issues such as poverty or climate change, they often do so from a moral outlook, without adequately distinguishing between ethics and politics. In contrast, we assert that HETs present compelling arguments in favour of cosmopolitanism as a political stance. In support of this claim, we consider two cases: the pills that would allow people to eat at will without gaining weight, and the choice between different types of cognitive enhancers.

Keywords: human enhancement; political moralism; political minimalism; cosmopolitan-ism; cognitive enhancement; RCAN1 gene

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